GL261-luc: A Model for Immunotherapy and Radiation Therapy

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive form of brain cancer. GBM tumors grow within a fairly immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and a relatively immune-privileged central nervous system. For patients diagnosed with GBM, prognosis remains poor with conventional therapies that include radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgery. Immunotherapy drugs provide an alternate approach […]

4T1-luc2: An Orthotopic Mammary Cancer Model to Support Novel Immuno-Oncology Drug Discovery

Breast cancer is the second most deadly malignancy after lung cancer in woman in the United States, with an estimated 246,000 new cases and 40,450 deaths expected in 2016. Many treatment options for breast cancer exist including surgery, radiotherapy, anti-estrogen therapy, targeted therapies (e.g., trastuzumab), and chemotherapy. Despite these therapeutic advances, metastatic disease remains a […]

Immune Profile of the Neuro-2a Mouse Neuroblastoma Model by Flow Cytometry

Neuroblastoma is an extracranial tumor that arises from neural crest-derived progenitor cells. It is the most prevalent solid tumor in childhood and the most common tumor in infants less than one year of age. With up to 800 new cases diagnosed each year, in spite of aggressive multi-modal therapeutic approaches, the 5-year survival rate in […]

Longitudinal Evaluation of Orthotopic Lung Tumors With Imaging

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer related deaths for men and second for women (after breast cancer). Worldwide, 1.8 million diagnoses and 1.6 million deaths occur annually.1 While incidences have been decreasing over recent decades and advances in diagnosis and treatments are being made in cancer as […]

5TGM1-luc – A Syngeneic Murine Model for Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a malignancy of plasma B cells and is the second most common hematological malignancy in the United States. Malignant myeloma cells accumulate in the bone marrow and ultimately replace normal hematopoetic stem cells, which results in progressive leukocyte deficiencies. Chemotherapeutic agents and proteasome inhibitors are standard-of-care front […]

Flow Cytometry Based Functional Assays Essential for Characterizing Biological Significance

The efficacy of immune-modulating anti-cancer therapeutic antibodies that have been FDA-approved in recent years, such as anti-CTLA-4 and anti-PD-1, has driven growing interest in methods that provide a mechanistic understanding of drug function. Development of new mono and combination therapies with immune-modulatory effects requires more powerful immunophenotyping techniques capable of […]

Approaches for Preclinical Evaluation of Ovarian Cancer

Table 1: Ovarian Cancer Models Ovarian cancer is considered a relatively rare gynecologic malignancy but has one of the highest mortality rates due to the non-specific symptoms that occur in early stage disease. This results in most women being diagnosed with advanced stage disease. The incidence of ovarian cancer within […]

In-Depth Myeloid Cell Characterization in the Murine Syngeneic CT.26 Colon Carcinoma Model by 10-Color Flow Cytometry

The efficacy of immune-modulating anti-cancer therapeutic antibodies that have been FDA-approved in recent years, such as anti-CTLA-4 and anti-PD-1, has driven growing interest in methods that provide a mechanistic understanding of drug function. Development of new mono- and combination therapies with immune-modulatory effects requires more powerful immunophenotyping techniques capable of in depth cell characterization. During […]

Evaluation of the Immune Response Following Treatment with Anti-CTLA-4 Antibody, Radiation Therapy, or the Combination in Murine Model of Breast Cancer

Breast cancers are considered poorly immunogenic tumors, however, several approaches utilizing immunotherapies are being undertaken in the clinic to evaluate their potential for improving outcomes. Radiation therapy (RT) is a highly utilized clinical treatment modality in breast cancer. Radiation is known to modify the tumor microenvironment, induce cytokines and chemokines, and has been shown to […]

CT26: Murine Colon Carcinoma

An estimated one in 20 people will develop colon cancer, making it one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers both in men and women. Due to improved screening methods, the overall incidence of colon cancer has declined during the past 20 years. However, it is still projected that only 40% […]

Quantify T Cell Biodistribution Non-Invasively in Animal and Human Subjects

MI Bioresearch (MI) is looking for expressions of interest from companies involved in CAR-T and T Cell Receptor therapies, regarding non-invasive cell tracking in vivo.  MI is using a validated MRI platform that can be used to label T cells and detect/track cells in rodents.1  This strategy can also be implemented in NHP studies and clinical […]

GL261: Syngeneic Murine Glioma Model

Glioblastomas are known to have a poor prognosis with median survival of nine months and only five to 10 percent of patients surviving up to two years. Conventional therapies include radiotherapies and surgical removal of the tumor in combination with chemotherapy. Unfortunately, these tumors can often be radioresistant and surgical […]